My favorite wild animal is the bald eagle. This bird is very unique and interesting. Some of the things I like about the bald eagle is its eye sight, its diet and feeding habits, and its history.
First, all eagles are known to have excellent eye sight. They can see both forward and to the side at the same time. They can see fish in water from several hundred feet above, while soaring or flapping in flight. Eagles, like all birds, have colored vision. An eagle can see four times as good as a person with perfect vision. This kind of excellent eye sight is unique to eagles and other birds of prey like hawks and owls.
Second, the diet and feeding habits of the bald eagle is very interesting. The bald eagle feeds mainly on fish but will take advantage of carrion. To catch a fish the eagle approaches in a shallow glide and snatches the fish out of the water with a quick swipe of its talons. A bald eagle can lift about four pounds. An eagle can eat one pound of fish in about four minutes. Bald eagles do not have to eat every day but if they wait too long to eat they can get to weak to hunt. These are just some of the interesting things about their diet and feeding habits.
Last is the history of the bald eagle. At one time the bald eagle lived across most of North America. Bald eagles may have numbered half a million at that time. More than 100,000 bald eagles were killed in Alaska from 1917 to 1953 because salmon fishermen thought they were a threat to the salmon population. Bald eagles were declared an endangered species in 1967.
The bald eagle is also important to the history of the United States. The bald eagle was chosen June 20, 1782 as the emblem of the United States of America. The eagle represents freedom. It is displayed on the backs of many of our coins with outspread wings. These are some of the reasons why the history of the bald eagle is very interesting.