Banana has entered into the history record long before the birth of Christ. It is considered to be the very first cultivated fruits. Banana observed by Alexander the Great, as being much eaten by the sages of India during three thousand B.C. The fruit entered the Koran as the Tree of Paradise supposedly under the name "Musa Paradisica". The name still applied to the plantains of today.
Bananas are giant perennial herbs, which originated in Southeast Asia. Bananas were transported from their sites of origin and distributed throughout the world by man. A Spanish priest first introduced it to the Western hemisphere the early 16th century.
Banana plants are members of the genus Musa (part of the family Musaceae). Banana evolved by natural hybridization from two species Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. It is believed that there are almost 1000 varieties of bananas in the world today.
There are hundreds of cultivars of bananas and plantains. The greatest diversity is found in home gardens and traditional agriculture, while only a few cultivars are grown by large-scale producers for the export market. Modern cultivars are developed as older cultivars become susceptible to new diseases. Cavendish is