Banana has entered into the history record long before the birth of Christ. It is considered to be the very first cultivated fruits. Banana observed by Alexander the Great, as being much eaten by the sages of India during three thousand B.C. The fruit entered the Koran as the Tree of Paradise supposedly under the name "Musa Paradisica". The name still applied to the plantains of today.
Bananas are giant perennial herbs, which originated in Southeast Asia. Bananas were transported from their sites of origin and distributed throughout the world by man. A Spanish priest first introduced it to the Western hemisphere the early 16th century.
Banana plants are members of the genus Musa (part of the family Musaceae). Banana evolved by natural hybridization from two species Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. It is believed that there are almost 1000 varieties of bananas in the world today.
There are hundreds of cultivars of bananas and plantains. The greatest diversity is found in home gardens and traditional agriculture, while only a few cultivars are grown by large-scale producers for the export market. Modern cultivars are developed as older cultivars become susceptible to new diseases. Cavendish is one of the cultivars that is resistant to either Panama disease and is widely grown on commercial plantations.
The Cavendish variety is one of the most popular bananas used for export. The antiquities of the banana and its tendency to produce mutations or sports have resulted in an extensive number of cultivars. Here is the list of popular cultivars. The most commonly known banana is the Cavendish variety, which is the one produced for export markets.
Banana plants and the plantain are today grown in just about every tropical place in the world. And the fruit production makes up and consists of the fourth largest fruit crop of the world.
As the young fruits develop from the female flowers, they look like slender green