Aristotle:Voluntary vs. Involuntary Actions

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Aristotle believed that virtue grew from virtuous actions. In order to achieve happiness, an individual needed to be aware of his or her own actions and learn how to make the right choices. According to Aristotle, three types of actions exist: involuntary actions, nonvoluntary actions, and voluntary actions.

Involuntary actions are performed due to ignorance, or because one is forced to do so. For example, slavery would be considered an involuntary action, because

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