Theoretical Perspectives

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The usefulness of theoretical perspectives for

providing special education services

Emotional and behaviour disorders represent significant behaviour excesses or deficits. Many labels are used to represent abnormal behaviour; these labels include: emotionally handicapped or disturbed, behaviourally disorder, socially maladjusted, delinquent, mentally ill, psychotic and schizophrenic. Each of these terms refers to patterns of behaviour that are significantly different in degree and/or kind from his/her generally accepted age appropriate, ethnic or cultural norms that they negatively affect educational performance in one or more areas: self-care, social relationships, personal adjustment, academic progress or classroom behaviour. Difficulties must be displayed in multiple environments, one of which must be school.

In recent years "behaviour disorder  has gained favour over "emotionally disturbed  as a more accurate label leading to more objective decision-making and fewer negative connotations.

"Estimates of the number of school age children with emotional or behaviour disorders depend on the definition and criteria that are used. At some point in their lives, most individuals exhibit behaviour t

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