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Why does Hobbes think that sovereignty needs to be absolute and perpetual? How does Locke criticize this position?

Hobbes and Locke; the State of Nature and Sovereignty

John Locke and Thomas Hobbes both wrote on many of the same issues of social philosophy yet due to a basic different philosophical conception of the world, they held very different opinions. Hobbes's view of the man's place in the natural world is famously described in Chapter 13 of Leviathan; " ¦.continual fear and danger of violent death; and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.  Hobbes saw a nature indeed red in tooth and claw and one in which man was hopelessly at odds with his natural environment and more ominously, his fellow man. In short, man in nature was in a perpetual state of war thought Hobbes. Fortunately man had reason at his disposal and long ago reasoned that it would be far better to renounce the state of nature, including his natural right to all things, in favor of establishing a peaceable, safe commonwealth where power would be held by an omnipotent sovereign. Thus Hobbes saw sovereignty as the beacon in the night, the bast

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