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Book Overview - City of God by St. Augustine


And aside from that, this is an interesting starter for delving into how the concept of Church and the State resulted to countless debates since then and until now. The book has a wide-ranging scope; psychology, political thought, Christian-apologetic theory of history, biblical interpretation, and apocalyptic themes. But we will magnify only on these two that are utterly captivating; Christianity as the cause of Roman Empire's fall and on the proposition of St. Augustine for the separate worlds of Church and State.
             The long-lived Roman Empire was a majestic power of its time; contributing to the many spheres of influences such as poetry, art, architecture and law. Its name forever etched in the face of history through countless feats of victory and innovation. It can be said, without a doubt, that the resilience of the Roman people was a vital factor in this accomplishment. Henceforth it is only natural that whatever the endeavor of this proud people was intertwined with the business of faith and religion. The Romans were highly superstitious. They worshipped countless gods and goddesses, whom they believed governed with every detail of their everyday life. Numerous feasts were celebrated during specific days of the year, i.e. Lupercalia. Thus it is of no surprise that any foreign form of faith or worship was shunned by the Romans. Early traces of Christianity in the capital were met with bloody welcome. Christians, although innocent, were blindly accused of bringing any unfavorable fortune to Rome. Even emperors pointed their fingers at Christians who treated them equal to criminals and bandits. The foundation of Rome was its people, and its people were reliant on the gods they worshipped. Any disturbance to their stable social structure was unacceptable to the Roman people. .
             The business of the state was also a major concern of the Roman people. The Romans did not want to be ignorant of the political nature of their city, or more appropriately so, they could not afford to.