AIDS

Paper Rating: Word Count: 2130 Approx Pages: 9

AIDS/HIV is one of the deadliest diseases in the world today. Many people are dying each day, and more and more are contracting AIDS every minute. Children are being orphaned because the people are losing sight of what is important in this world. While the spreading of AIDS has increased, the funding for AIDS has decreased.

The history of AIDS is somewhat unknown but scientists have created a theory of the possible development of AIDS. Recent research indicates that HIV probably first jumped from chimpanzees to humans as early as 1675 and didn't establish itself as an epidemic until 1930 in Africa. By 1959, a man died in the Congo, which researchers believe was AIDS related. HIV disease is characterized by a gradual deterioration of immune function. Most notably immune cells called CD+4 T-cells are disabled and killed during typical course of infection (Matthews). Dr. Lieberman's, assistant professor of medicine at the New England Medical Center, team speculated that the onset of AIDS symptoms represents a tip on the balance between progressive viral replication and the patient's immunological defenses, particularly the cytotoxic T-cell response . "The notion of these clinical trials is to enhance the patient's immune system and tip the balance back in favor of the patient,  Dr. Lieberman states. Lieberman reports that the patients that were given 1 billion HIV-targeted cytotoxic T-cells, and the reports show that HIV could no longer be detected in the blood of one patient by the twenty-fourth week and viral levels were substantially reduced in two other patients. In 1982 the etiology of the underlying immune deficiency seen in AIDS is unknown. In 1983, the CDC warns blood banks of a possible problem with the supply. In 1985, the FDA approves the first HIV test. In 1987, AZT (zidovudine Retrovir) becomes the first anti-HIV drug approved by the FDA. Also in 1987 Ronald Reagan ... Continue Reading