Temptation is defined as a desire for something, especially something thought wrong. In the Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus had a desire to go home but many obstacles he had to face during his adventures were temptations by Goddesses, who gave him a feeling of homecoming. But giving into their temptations almost caused him to surrender his identity. After discovering his identity, Circe tried to influence Odysseus into losing his desire to go home but with the help of his men, he reset his mind on his legitimate goal and was able to resist Calypsoâ€™s temptations by himself.
After discovering his identity, Circe tried to influence Odysseus into losing his desire to go home. Kirke, a lovely female who sings while she weaves, lures men into her lair and transforms them into swine. When she first met Odysseus, she led him and placed him on a silver-studded chair and prepared a potion for him to drink. Her intention was clearly to turn him into swine, like she had done with Odysseusâ€™ men. Fortunately, Eurylochus, a member of Odysseusâ€™ crew, did not visit Kirke because he had sensed a trap and thus reported what had happened to Odysseus who set out to liberate his men. A helpful god, Hermes, advised Odysseus and gave him a drug to counteract Circe's herbs along with sage advice. When Odysseus did not turn into swine, Circe discovered Odysseusâ€™ identity because Hermes had always declared that Odysseus would come upon her way from Troy. Knowing that he was a â€œ great contenderâ€ (p.175, l.371), Circe tried to influence him into â€œmaking love upon her bed, so mutual trust may come of play and loveâ€ (p.175, l.377). To this, Odysseus made her promise that she would not â€œwork more enchantment to his harmâ€ (p.175, l.387) and Odysseus entered her flawless bed of love. At first, he had agreed to do it because Hermes had told him that it was a â€œ pleasure he couldnâ€™t declineâ€