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Application of Anatomical and Physiological Knowledge

             In this piece of work I am going to say which components of physical fitness are needed for my sport football and explain why. I will then go on to explain my typical warm up and cool down what effects it has on the body mainly focusing on the speed and force of muscle contraction and the vascular system.
             Fitness components.
             Fitness is the ability to cope effectively with the stresses of everyday life. Everyone's lifestyle is different so the amount of stress and levels of fitness also differ. If you have a laid back lifestyle then the level of fitness required is quite minimal, so two or three walks a week should be sufficient. Whereas is you play regular competitive sport a lot of hard training would be needed to maintain the high level of fitness.
             Fitness is made up of several components which are divided into two groups:-.
             Health-related components – aerobic capacity, strength, flexibility, and body composition. These contribute towards a healthy body. Everyone would benefit by developing these components of fitness to a certain degree.
             Skill-related components – speed, power, balance, reaction time co-ordination, and agility. These aspects of fitness are much more appropriate to the sports performer who may wish to develop some of them through additional training.
             I will now explain what each of these components from the two groups are and why they apply to me and my football.
             Health-related components.
             These are the health related components that I think are involved in football.
             Aerobic capacity.
             Aerobic capacity is the ability of an athlete to take in and use oxygen, allowing participation in prolonged periods of submaximal activities, such as swimming, running, cycling and rowing. A persons aerobic capacity depends on three factors.
             Effective external respiration.
             Effective oxygen transport from the lungs to the cells.
             Effective use of oxygen inside the cell.
             Therefore your aerobic capacity is dependant on the efficiency of your cardiac, respiratory, and vascular systems.