Humans sometimes have the tendency to keep things that are only useful for their own personal benefit. In these two poems, "Names of Horses ¬Ě by Donald Hall and "The Bull Calf ¬Ě by Irving Layton, the things that the people would use for their benefit are animals. In "Names of Horses ¬Ě, the horse is killed because of old age and weakness. In the "The Bull Calf, ¬Ě the calf is killed because no money could be profited from it on the farm. In both poems, the animals have no purpose to the owners, which proves that humans only keep things that are going to benefit themselves. These poems have many things in common and a few differences. One thing they have in common is the theme of assured death and that farm animals are only useful if they help profit the owners.