The Play starts in a city called Ephesus.
Solinus the duke of the city enters, followed by a jailer and Egeon. .
Egeon is a merchant from Syracuse.
Syracuse is a fierce rival of Ephesus. .
Both cities have passed a law which puts any man coming from the rival city to death unless heÂ´s able to pay a ransom of 1000 Marks.
And Egeon isnÂ´t able to pay this price.
The duke ask him what are his intentions to come to this city although he knows that the punishment is death. .
And egeon tells his story to the duke that he and his wife went to Epidamnum years ago.
There his wife gave birth to twin sons who could be only distinguished by their names. Another woman in the inn also got twin sons. But this family was so poor that they sold their twins to Egeon who used them as servants for his sons.
Then they left to return home and got catched by storm which seperates Egeon from his wife and also seperated him from one of the two twin pairs. .
The remaining son of Egeon (Antipholus of Syracuse) insist to search for his remainig brother (Antipholus of Ephesus) accompanied by his servant (Dromio of Syracuse) and left home. .
And Egeon now has lost both sons and decided to search for them and so he spent five years for the search and end up in Ephesus.
The duke tells him that he cannot remove the death penalty but he gives Egeon on more day to get the money with other help.
And now the errors may begin.
Antipholus of Syracuse and his servants ( Dromio of S.) arrives at Ephesus and send his servant with money to find a hotel for the night. .
After a while Dromio of E. sees him. Antipholus of S. demand to know what has happened with his money. Dromio of E. is confused and tells him to go home for dinner before before Antipholus of E. beats them both. .
Antipholus thinks that he has stolen his money and beats until he leaves.
House of Antipholus of E.
The next scene is about Adriana and Luciana. Adriana get angry with her husband Antipholus of E.