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Global Village

             Today, after more than a century of electric technology, we have extended our central nervous system itself in a global embrace, abolishing both space and time as far as our planet is concerned.
             ¯¯Marshall McLuhan.
             What Is Global Village.
             The concept of global village was first popularized by Marshall McLuhan. He chose the phrase "global village" to express his insight that an electronic nervous system was rapidly integrating the planet, so that events in one part of the world could be experienced in real-time from other parts, which is what human experience was like when we lived in small villages. In other words, the global village is all the countries of the world when thought of as being closely connected by modern communications and therefore economically, politically, socially and environmentally dependent on each other.
             How Does Global Village Come Into Being.
             First let us consider the formation of the global village historically. We can roughly divide this process into three periods. (1) Before the Industrial Revolution in the late 18th century, there was no such a thing as “global village”. During this period, technology is undeveloped and productivity is very low, so most people only focused on the production and demands of their own counties (This phenomenon is usually referred to as “Natural Economy”). Basically they didn’t need any exchange, especially economic exchange, with other nations; if it did happen sometimes, it was limited to a certain area of the globe, but still not on a global scale. (2)From the late 18th century to the end of World War Two in the middle of 20th century, the global village began to develop at a high speed. In this period, because a great lot of machinery was used and productivity was multiplied again and again, many people in the Western countries were liberated from heavy work. On one hand, these westerners carried out economic and cultural exchanges between their countries; on the other hand, they colonized the vast underdeveloped areas of Asia, Africa and Latin America, forcing their weaponry, economic and religious influences upon those people.