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             Many people today, including scientists and doctors, are questioning the
             suffering and killing of animals for the sake of human beings. Is it morally
             correct to dissect a frog or a worm for the purpose of educating a high school
             student? On the other hand, must "We study life to protect life" (1:131) The
             issue of killing animals for the use of biomedical research, education, and
             cosmetics can be referred as "vivisection". Twenty-five to thirty-five million
             animals are spared in the U.S.A. each year for the purpose of research, testing,
             and education. Although vivisection serves as an important tool for scientists
             and doctors to work in research and may benefit humans, the harms indeed
             Animal experimentation was not common until the early nineteenth century
             and emerged as an important method of science. The first recorded action of
             vivisection was the study of body humors by Erasistratus in Alexandria during
             the third century (1:3). Later, in A.D. 129-200, the physician, Galen, used five
             pigs to investigate the effects of several nerves (1:4). He is considered to be
             the founder of experimental physiology. During the Renaissance Era, Andreas
             Vesalius conducted experiments on monkeys, swine, and goats (1:3). By the late
             eighteenth century, the methods of scientific discovery were changer to
             experimentation of live animals by two French physiologists, Claude Bernard and
             Francious Magnedie. They revolutionized methods of scientific discovery by
             establishing live animal as common practice (1:4). Claude Bernard believed that
             in order for medicine to progress, there must be experimental research, and
             affirmed that "vivisection is indispensable for physical research". This is when
             the anti-vivisection movement was established ("vivisection").
             There are different views as to why or why not there should be animal
             experimentation. For example, Descartes believed that anima

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