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Many people today, including scientists and doctors, are questioning the

suffering and killing of animals for the sake of human beings. Is it morally

correct to dissect a frog or a worm for the purpose of educating a high school

student? On the other hand, must "We study life to protect life" (1:131) The

issue of killing animals for the use of biomedical research, education, and

cosmetics can be referred as "vivisection". Twenty-five to thirty-five million

animals are spared in the U.S.A. each year for the purpose of research, testing,

and education. Although vivisection serves as an important tool for scientists

and doctors to work in research and may benefit humans, the harms indeed

Animal experimentation was not common until the early nineteenth century

and emerged as an important method of science. The first recorded action of

vivisection was the study of body humors by Erasistratus in Alexandria during

the third century (1:3). Later, in A.D. 129-200, the physician, Galen, used five

pigs to investigate the effects of several nerves (1:4). He is considered to be

the founder of experimental physiology. During the Renaissance Era, Andreas

Vesalius conducted experiments on monkeys, swine, and goats (1:3). By the late

eighteenth century, the methods of scientific discovery were changer to

experimentation of live animals by two French physiologists, Claude Bernard and

Francious Magnedie. They revolutionized methods of scientific discovery by

establishing live animal as common practice (1:4). Claude Bernard believed that

in order for medicine to progress, there must be experimental research, and

affirmed that "vivisection is indispensable for physical research". This is when

the anti-vivisection movement was established ("vivisection").

There are different views as to why or why not there should be animal

experimentation. For example, Descartes believed that animal

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