Dwight D Eisenhower's Foreign Policy
Dwight D Eisenhower inherited a nation ravaged by depression and two decades of war including World War I, World War II, and the Korean War. Eisenhower intended to end The Korean War and create a time of peace. The United States under the Eisenhower administration developed what was designed to be an aggressive policy in which the United States would uses "massive retaliation and "liberation tactics to discourage Communist interference in American affairs. This policy was called the "policy of boldness by Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles (Bailey, Cohen, and Kennedy 918). The foundations of the "policy of boldness rested in the prevention of the spread of Communism, the liberation of nations suffering from Communism, deferred funding from Armed forces to nuclear weaponry, and war as a last resort. The Eisenhower administrations based their foreign policy on the principles aforementioned in "policy of boldness as seen in the actions taken during the Suez Crisis, Castro's revolt, and the fall of Dienbeinphu.
The United States was extremely concerned at the events unfolding in Indochina in a crucial base in Dienbeinphu. In Indochina, France was trying to re-establish its colonial power. Dwight D Eisenhower and his secretary of state, John Foster Dulles, who were dually responsible for most of United States actions abroad, believed that French control of Indochina was essential for preventing the spread of Communism. Eisenhower developed a "liberation policy in efforts to free oppressed people from their Communist oppressor, known as the NSC 5405. In Dulles speech to President Eisenhower, he elaborates on the basis of the policy. "We have a dynamic policy of liberation which will develop a resistance spirit within the captive peoples. This is the only effective check on aggressive despotisms short of general war (Gardner 121 qtd. in Maxwell). Dwight D