The Ten Cents War, also know as the Peruvian-Chilean War or the War of the Pacific, began with the acquirement of nitrates. The War began in 1879 and ended in 1884 with a peace treaty. Outcomes of the war are still visible today, seeing as Bolivia and Peru both lost territory during the war.
Chile previously had some contracts with Bolivia to have the
right to obtain nitrates from Bolivia's Atacama province. At this time nitrates had replaced guano as the highest demanded product of the time. The Bolivians felt that Chilean companies were exploiting their right to acquire nitrates from the desert; therefore in February of 1879 the Bolivian president of the time, Hilarion Daza, revoked the contracts they had with Chile. Chile viewed this act as an insult of and responded by occupying the Bolivian port of Antofagasta, the Chilean colonel and his 500 men met no resistence by Bolivian military and secured his position at that port. The official Chilean declaration of war on Bolivia came shortly after seizing Antofogasta. Peru became involved in the con