1. Surrogacy provides an important option for some infertile couples. Explain the advantages and problems of surrogacy. Explain the long-term effects of such an arrangement on the offspring and the legal parents.
"With the development of reproductive technology, childless couples have been given new hope for having a family. Some couples that otherwise could not conceive a child have explored the option of assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization. In some cases, couples have been turning to gestational surrogacy as a possible solution to their infertility.
There are two types of surrogacy used in today's practice:
Gestational surrogacy: This form of surrogacy is resorted to if the husband and wife can provide sperm and ovum, but for some reason the wife cannot carry the pregnancy, as in cases of absent or defective uterus. In gestational surrogacy the surrogate mother is not related genetically to the child. The sperm of the intended father, using (IVF), fertilizes an egg from the intended mother or from another female donor. (IVF) in vitro fertilization is the method used to assist this reproduction in which a man's sperm and the woman's egg are combined in a laboratory dish, where fertilization occurs. The resulting embryo is then transferred to the uterus of the surrogate mother to develop naturally. Usually, several embryos are transferred with each cycle. After birth the surrogate mother is to hand the baby over to the soliciting couple.
Traditional surrogacy: The other form of surrogacy is traditional surrogacy. This is where a couple pays for or knows a volunteer to be a surrogate mother. The surrogate mother is the woman solicited by a married couple to be impregnated by the husband's semen, in the case the wife cannot get pregnant. The surrogate mother provides the egg for fertilization, and the intended father provides the sperm. Fertilization can occur as the result of intercourse, in