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            To what extent do you agree with Malcolm’s description of Macbeth as a “butcher”?.
             The Oxford English Dictionary describes a butcher as a “person who kills or has people killed brutally or indiscriminately.” Is this description, with which Malcolm condemns Macbeth, true or adequate? In this essay, I will consider whether “butcher” is the right term for this complex character. I will consider two different productions of Macbeth in my answer: Roman Polanski’s film of Macbeth, and a Royal Shakespeare Company production (hereafter referred to as RSC), which is a televised stage version. .
             When applied to Macbeth, the term “butcher” contains literal truth, since he brutally took the lives of many people. First, he assassinated Duncan to gain the throne. This, as Macbeth himself recognised in his soliloquy, is wrong; they are related, he should be acting as a loyal subject and it goes against the laws of hospitality:.
             I am his kinsman and his subject,.
             Strong both against the deed; then, as his host,.
             Who should.
             Not bear the knife myself.
             Furthermore, Duncan has treated Macbeth well; he bestowed the title of Thane of Cawdor upon Macbeth, sent money and diamonds to Macbeth and Lady Macbeth and he wished to “continue our graces.” Killing Duncan is treacherous when Macbeth has been accepting so much from him. The deed is additionally brutal because he is murdered in his sleep. From the text, we can see that Shakespeare wanted us to be aware of how bloody the murder was as he indicates that there is blood on both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s hands – a “filthy witness” to their deed. .
             The two productions of Macbeth vary in how they present the butchery of the murder. Polanski diverges from the stage directions and decides to have the murder on stage. Macbeth enters Duncan’s chamber and watches him sleeping.