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School as a Socializing Agent


             Socialization is the process by which we learn the
             ways of life and/or the culture of the group. It is
             life long and it does not stop at adolescence. There
             are many socializing agents, for example, the family,
             community, school, media, and peers. The school is
             known as a micro system, it is an institution where
             learning takes place and individuals develop.
             The school provides the intellectual and social
             experiences from which individuals develop knowledge,
             skills, customs, beliefs, interest, and attitudes that
             characterize them and shape their abilities to perform
             adult roles. Schools encourage individuals to adapt
             to a changing physical and social environment. The
             schools foster respect to the existing social order of
             society. According to the text, "the purpose of
             schooling is (1) academic (reading, writing,
             arithmetic), (2) vocational (preparation for world of
             work), (3) social and civic (preparation to
             participate in a democracy), and (4) personal
             (development of individual talent and
             self-expression).  The schools function is universal,
             The social order of society is communicated to
             children primarily in the classroom. Teachers'
             comments, report cards, charts, and mark on papers,
             classmates' judgments, and self-judgments evaluate
             them. Evaluation contributes to socialization in that
             the norms and standards of society are learned. The
             self-concept emerges from how well the individual
             meets the expectations of others. Schools exert
             influence on individuals by their educational policies
             leading to achievement, by their formal organization
             of the introduction of students to authority, and by
             the social relationships that evolve in the classroom.
             Teachers serve as models for the individuals to
             imitate. According to the text, "The most powerful
             socializing influence of the school lies in those who
            

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