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School as a Socializing Agent


            
             Socialization is the process by which we learn the.
             ways of life and/or the culture of the group.
             life long and it does not stop at adolescence. There.
             are many socializing agents, for example, the family,.
             community, school, media, and peers. The school is.
             known as a micro system, it is an institution where.
             learning takes place and individuals develop.
             The school provides the intellectual and social.
             experiences from which individuals develop knowledge,.
             skills, customs, beliefs, interest, and attitudes that.
             characterize them and shape their abilities to perform.
             adult roles. Schools encourage individuals to adapt.
             to a changing physical and social environment. The.
             schools foster respect to the existing social order of.
             society. According to the text, “the purpose of.
             schooling is (1) academic (reading, writing,.
             arithmetic), (2) vocational (preparation for world of.
             work), (3) social and civic (preparation to.
             participate in a democracy), and (4) personal.
             (development of individual talent and.
             self-expression).” The schools function is universal,.
             formal, and prescriptive. .
             The social order of society is communicated to.
             children primarily in the classroom. Teachers’.
             comments, report cards, charts, and mark on papers,.
             classmates’ judgments, and self-judgments evaluate.
             them. Evaluation contributes to socialization in that.
             the norms and standards of society are learned. The.
             self-concept emerges from how well the individual.
             meets the expectations of others. Schools exert.
             influence on individuals by their educational policies.
             leading to achievement, by their formal organization.
             of the introduction of students to authority, and by.
             the social relationships that evolve in the classroom.
             Teachers serve as models for the individuals to.
             imitate. According to the text, “The most powerful.
             socializing influence of the school lies in those who.
             translate program goals into action—the teachers.” .


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