Principle of Induction

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The principle of induction is linked to its founder, Francis Bacon, known to many as the " Father of Modern Science . According to this principle, science begins with observation. The observations should be faithfully recorded, and ideally with an unprejudiced mind cleared of all Idols ” another concept put forth by Bacon, which I will not go into here. These observation statements form the basis from which the theories and laws that make up scientific knowledge are derived [1].

There are three integral rules to observe in Bacon's induction [2]. Firstly, the number of observation statements underlying the eventual generalization must be large. Secondly, the observations must be repeated under a wide variation of conditions. Lastly, no accepted observation statement should contradict the derived universal law. The inductive method was one of the earliest scientific methods to be formally proposed. It is certainly not without its critics, but it does have its merits, being to some extent a tried-and-tested method. In this essay, we shall see how it has guided critical and creative thinking in science, quote a detailed example of its usage, and also explore its limitations as a scientific method.

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