Was the South African War, between 1899 and 1902, fought to protect
The South African War one of the largest and most taxed colonial war that the British Empire had fought. Lain R Smith feels that this war was fought to:
"end the situation of Boer-British rivalry over the Transvaal
and many more historians would agree with him. In 1899, the forces of the Boer Republics, the Orange Free State and the South African Republic, fought against Britain's control over South Africa. They would not agree with Britain's ultimatum of the placement and reinforcing of British troops in South Africa. However, much of the useful land on the continent of South Africa was under British control, and the main purposes of this war, argued by Lain R Smith were that imperialistic drive was a major factor in the war. This is what brought the British Empire in direct conflict with the Boers. The Boers were predominantly farmers and herders who had left Cape Colony in order to escape the British control and establish a country under their rule. Also, in Transvaal, gold was found, and created new found wealth, which would also stage the South African war between the British and the Boers.