This paper will describe the methods and results of the experiment on â€œClinical Perfectionism: a cognitive-behavioral analysis,â€ published in the journal of Behavior Research and Therapy. An experiment researched by Roz Shafran, Zafra Cooper, and Christopher G. Fairburn. Published by Oxford University Press, in 2002. Pages 773-787.
This experiment researches the depths of perfectionism and how it relates to anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Perfectionism is an overdependence of self-evaluation; it also defines how someone dealing with perfectionism criticizes themselves and manages with failure. People that accomplish their goals find their target goal to be insufficient and re-evaluate their standards to a more demanding and sometimes impossible level (773). A definition is not completely clear, many clinicians argue about its exact definition, another explanation is described as a person who strains toward an impossible goal and measures their worth in accomplishments. Perfectionists have a tendency to fall into categories of procrastination, fear of failure, all-or-nothing mindset, and workaholism. Perfectionists believe that every problem has a solution and that even the tiniest mistake will have serious penalties.
The cognitive processes that maintain perfectionism are selective attention; an alertness of what is wrong and what can be fixed instead of their successes. Perfectionism is now viewed as a multidimensional construct; because people dealing with this disease describe being over concerned with mistakes, placing considerable value on parentsâ€™ expectations, they also experience interpersonal aspects of difficulty. Multidimensional construct has lead to a method of measurement of perfectionism by scores on a self-report instrument; this instrument measures a broader range of characteristics of perfectionism (776). Perfectionism is correlated with a degree of psychopathology in levels of depression and social anxiety.