Poe and Hawthorne were two American writers who have defined literature as we know it today. They greatly elevated the standards for short fictional stories (â€œPoe Defines the â€˜Well Made Taleâ€™â€), and were the first to speak to the human heart and to convey truths that withstand the test of time (â€œHawthorne Introduces the Concept of Romanceâ€). Poe placed the emphasis of story writing on a single effect that he wanted to leave with the reader, and developed his stories around that effect or final emotion (â€œPoe Definesâ€). Hawthorne, on the other hand, placed importance on the actual representation of the authorâ€™s imagination and conception of the world around himself (â€œHawthorne Introducesâ€). These innovative thoughts and experimentations in language have forever changed what we appreciate in writing. Poe and Hawthorne were vital in the development of American literature today because of their inventive uses of symbolism, theme, language, characterization, and setting to embody the main purposes in their short stories, but we see distinctive differences in the way these are used to set the completely different moods required for romance writing and gothic writing.
The most predominate feature Poe and Hawthorne consistently develop in their writing is the use of symbolism. In Poeâ€™s â€œThe Masque of the Red Deathâ€, symbolism in both light and dark forms was represented. From the light patterns of the fires illuminating the rooms and the flames lively dancing across the walls, to the dark clock held within the black room that was ticking away the time the revelers had left to live, Poe strongly contrasts life (light) and death (dark) (â€œThe Masque of the Red Deathâ€). Hawthorne also uses light and dark imagery in his short story, â€œThe Ministerâ€™s Black Veilâ€. The main dark symbol comes in the form of the black veil that Mr.