The Diplomatic and consular relations are designed in the Vienna Conventions of 1961 and 1963. Both relations have many similarities, but also there are differences between them. Diplomatic relations are more formal and are between states, take place between diplomats of two or more states. On the other hand, consular relations are generally in citizen level, as consulates are established by one state in another state for the purpose of dealing with the affairs of its citizens traveling or residing there.
An office established by one state in an important city of another state for the purpose of supporting and protecting its citizens travelling or residing there. In addition, these offices are charges with performing other important administrative duties such as issuing visas (where this is required) to host country nationals wishing to travel to the country the consulate represents. All consulates, whether located in the capital city or in other communities, are administratively under the ambassador and the embassy. In addition to carrying out their consular duties, they often serve as branch offices for the embassy, supporting, for example, the latter's political and economic responsibilities. Consulates are expected to play a particularly significant role in connection with the promotion of their own country's exports and other commercial activities. Officers performing consular duties are known as consuls or, if more junior, vice consuls. The chief of the consulate is known as the consul.
Diplomatic immunity is a principle of international law by which certain foreign government officials are not subject to the jurisdiction of local courts and other authorities. The concept of immunity began with ancient tribes. In order to exchange information, messengers were allowed to travel from tribe to tribe without fear of harm. They were protected even when they brought bad news. Today, immun... Continue Reading