Chapter nine focuses on homicide in the world today and the effects it has on people in the area that the homicide occurs. The first part of the chapter discusses the extent of homicide victimization. The FBI describes criminal homicide as the "willful killing of one human being by another ¦ This includes every sort of death by a human to a human except traffic fatalities and gross negligence. The FBI uses this definition to help report about homicides in the United States. From these results homicide victims have a greater chance of being males over females. They were also able to figure that African Americans in the United States are overrepresented in homicide figures. The results that the FBI collects about homicides help to figure out many statistics about America and its crime rate especially when it comes to murder. They tally up methods of homicide, age of victims and race of victims all to get statistics about the US's murder rates. The overall homicide rate in the US's has declined in the past few years. Researchers have turned to something called the lifetime murder victimization rate; it measures the chances of dying in a homicide in order to study the social problem more seriously. For example, black males face a one of 35 chance of being murdered from birth until the end of their teenage years. The one thing that the US does not have is a system to collect data that records gun-relates deaths. Researchers want a sort of system to help gun makers make a more effective gun that does not cause accidental deaths in the home.
The chapter then goes into discuss the many different types of theories behind homicide victimization. Social interactionism study went in to try and figure out the role that the victim played in the murder. Wolfgang was able to discover that in most cases played some significant role of victim participation in the crime before it occurred. They did t... Continue Reading