Hip-hop is a name given to define the only true culture to originate in the United States. It names an entire culture that has developed into a way of life for many people worldwide since its beginning in the late seventies, with its first mainstream hit, in 1979, by the Sugar Hill Gang called ˜Rapper's Delight'. Hip-hop culture itself consists of four main forms of expression. MC-ing is the art of writing and performing rhymes, or rapping, usually over rhythm-heavy music. Music created by MCs is called either rap or hip-hop. The use of turntables to manipulate records and create new music is known as DJ-ing. Graffiti is an urban form of art where words and pictures are drawn with spraypaint on walls, trains, and other urban canvases. Breakdancing is a specific style of dance that is often very athletic, and most commonly done to music created by hip-hop DJs or MCs. Aside from these four pieces of hip-hop culture, there also exists a specific style of fashion and a set of moral philosophies. These characteristics are encompassed in and have been molded by the first four aspects of hip-hop.
Hip-hop represents a realignment of America's cultural aesthetics. "Rap is the music of necessity, of finding poetry in the colloquial, beauty in anger, and lyricism even in violence. Hip-hop ¦has compelled young people of all races to search for excitement, artistic fulfillment and even a sense of identity ¦ (Farley). In its brief existence, hip-hop culture has not only been subscribed to in the everyday lives of the majority of American youth but rather it has influenced the youth of the world from China to Latin America to England. People of all races, nationalities, gender, religions, and ages are part of hip-hop culture, despite the fact that inner-city black youth began the movement. Hip-hop promotes diversity in America, and around the world, by ignoring cultural boundaries and focusing on the forms of expression.