Prime Mover: St. Thomas Aquinas’ Cosmological Argument

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This paper will examine the first of five cosmological arguments of St. Thomas Aquinas' "Five Ways , which Aquinas claims to be the more obvious way to prove the existence of God (Hankim 199). Aquinas begins with the premise that there are things that exist in the universe. He then proceeds to the existence of motion as an example of things that exists in the world. Or as John H. Hick says,

Aquinas's proofs start from some general feature of the world around us and argue that there could not be a world with this particular characteristic unless there was also the ultimate reality which we call God. (20)

Aquinas uses the existence of motion to demonstrate the existence of God. He argues that since everything in the world is in motion -- for instant, the earth in constant movement -- therefore, whatever is in motion must have been set into motion by something else, or in Aquinas' words, "Whatever is moved is moved by another  (Hankim 199). This is to claim that nothing that moves is itself self-generated. Aquinas argues that whatever is in motion, before it moves, has the potential to move; for example, a ball has the potential to be in motion and once it is in motion that potential f

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