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Rosa Parks

             Rosa Parks was born in 1913 in Tuskagee, Alabama. In 1928 she
             graduated from Booker T. Washington High School. She attended
             Alabama State College in Montgomery. In 1932 she married. Rosa and
             her husband both worked with National Association for the Advancement
             of Colored People (NAACP). Rosa worked many different jobs; such as a
             housekeeper, insurance saleswoman and seamstress.
             On December 1, 1955 she got onto a bus and sat in one of the
             seats in the front. The bus driver ordered her to move to the back, where
             the "black people  were supposed to sit. She refused to move. According
             to the segregation laws, white passengers were given the seats in the
             front of the bus. Even if there were no white borders, the African
             Americans still had to sit in the back. If the bus was filled they would
             have to give up their seat. This was unfair, especially since everyone paid
             the same amount to use the bus. When Parks refused to get up, she was
             arrested and fined. Rosa let the NAACP fight her case in court. They
             argued that segregated seats deprived Rosa of her constitutional rights.
             At the same time, leaders asked Montgomery's African Americans to
             boycott, or not ride, the city buses. The buses were empty. Because of all
             this going on, Rosa lost her job. After 382 days, the boycott ended when
             the Supreme Court agreed that segregated seats was unconstitutional.
             The idea of peaceful resistance to segregation rapidly spread
             throughout the South. Through her brave act, Parks helped launch the
             modern civil rights movement. Rosa did not want to be a hero, she just
             quietly wanted to stand up for her rights. The success of this boycott led
             to mass protests demanding civil rights for blacks.
             Rosa Parks received many numerous awards. In 1998 Parks was
             recognized with the first International Freedom Conductor Award. In 1999
             President Clinton awarded

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