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Chinese Literature

            Chinese 310 Traditional Chinese Literature Survey.
             Fall, 2003 Name: Zhong Xin.
             I. To the question: “Why do people read literature?” many of you put the key words “education” and “entertainment.” According to the Great Preface to Odes, literature is hardly for fun and not just about knowledge. What function does literature play in a society from the Confucian point of view?.
             Confucius has a simple moral and political teaching, which is to love others ; to honor one’s parents ; to do what is right instead of what is of advantage ; to practice ‘reciprocity,’ i.e. ‘ don’t do to others what you would not want yourself’ ; to rule by moral example instead of by force and violence ; and so on.
             Chinese Literature reflects morals, politics, and traditional religions. In addition, literature presents the most ancient literary culture of China. Chinese literature had such a long-lived tradition which played a significent role in the society. .
             In recent times, of course, Chinese literature looks not only to its own past but also to the global context. But in China's case, everybody else is late to the party.
             II. Do you understand the following terms? Please elaborate on it in two or three sentences.
             Filiality: The greatest treasure of Chinese traditional culture is to be filial. The greatest evil is to rebel against one’s parents, teachers, and elders. In Chinese society, filiality is number one, and it is perfected through sincere acts of body, emotion, and mind. Filiality comes from the nature, inherent in Chinese society. .
             Remonstrance: Literally, remonstrance is the act of remonstrating; For example, thousand years ago, prime minister who is the closest people of the king, presented and urged reasons in opposition to an act, measure, or any suggestion to the king.

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