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The Romans

             The building of empires was made possible because of successful conquests and the ability to integrate the conquered peoples within the synthesis of the new empire. This generalization applies to the Romans and how they built a tremendous empire by conquering others. The Romans used the people from the land they conquered for slaves and also some to form militias to conquer another land. Through this paper it will be shown how Romans were incredibly powerful and how they defeated many lands. In this it will also show the fall of the Roman Empire.
             For the Romans, the social and political standing gave them their strength as an Empire. The military of the Romans was also a tremendous strength, which led them to eventually conquer many lands. In the eight century there were 3 major ethnic groups, which had occupied the Italian peninsula. “Greek colonists of the archaic period built towns throughout southern Italy and Sicily. The Etruscans, who had immigrated in the same period, possibly from Asia Minor, occupied the territory between the Tiber and the Arno Rivers and exerted a crucial influence in culture and religion” (Upsher,131). It is shown that in the eight century, Rome is inhabited by Shepard folk, according to late archeological records. For the next three centuries the Etruscans ethnic group began to urbanize very rapidly. The expulsion of Rome led to the start of a period in time of government of elected officials and run by republic. This early republic was divided into the patricians and the plebeians. “The Patricians wee hereditary aristocracy that accepted high civic responsibility not just for the sake of power but also because of the dignity conferred by public recognition of services rendered.” (Upsher,131). “The Plebeians, who comprised the great mass of the free population, farmers, shepherds, small merchants, and artisans, suffered from poverty and oppression by aristocrats.

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