Madame Bovary

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According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term realism can be defined as, "an inclination or attachment to what is real; tendency to regard things as they really are; any view or system contrasted with idealism.  In literature, realism is an approach that attempts to describe life without idealization or romantic subjectivity. It is most often associated with the literary movement arising in France during the nineteenth century; primarily, it is a reaction against Romanticism's idealism and subjectivity. The French writer Gustave Flaubert and Leo Tolstoy from Russia are examples of Realist writers. Realists wanted a true representation in literature of reality of contemporary life and manners (Lawall 837). In order for Realist writers to be objective, "the personality of the author was to be suppressed or was at least to recede into the background, since reality was to be seen ˜as is' (Lawall 837). For that reason, realism has been chiefly preoccupied with the commonplaces of everyday life among the middle classes. Characters were no longer represented as heroes or mythological figures; instead, they had the traits of ordinary, middle class people. In addit

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