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Rome and Han China Comparison Essay

There were four classical civilizations existing at the time of 1000BCE to 550CE. From

the different regions of the world, civilizations were arising with unique culture and different

lifestyle among them. From the four civilizations, Rome and Han China were the two significant

civilizations which had many similarities. The empires of Rome and Han China co-existed at

about the same time. They were the two largest empires that the world have seen. However, what

goes up, comes down. Comparisons can be made from their structures, how did they kept their

empires peaceful and successful, and the decline.

Both Rome and Han China had a power figure who ruled the whole empire. For Rome,

the leader was called a king while he was referred as the emperor in Han China. Since the land

was too big to be governed by one man, the king had Roman Senate to help him run the central government and also appointed officials to rule over certain areas in

Rome. Han China had prime ministers who ran the central government along with officials

helping them in different areas. In China, anyone could have been in a government position if

they passed a exam which tests their intelligent while for Romans, it was hereditary. Agriculture

was the main economic activity in Rome and China and land was the basis of wealth. Romans

used slaves while China abolished slavery. For both empires, women had no power and the

oldest man in the family had the absolute power.

Obviously, both empires were very successful at times, because they lasted for many

centuries. Both the Roman Empire and the first Chinese empire arose from relatively small states

that, because of their discipline and military toughness, initially were able to subdue other small

and quarreling neighbors. The Romans used their armies to keep order and gain prosperity. They expanded as much as they could by conquering their neighboring

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