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The late 1880s farmers in the South began to face new competition from cotton grown in India and Egypt. In addition, the share-cropping model of farming that grew up in the South led to massive overproduction, since it was only by planting huge crops that sharecroppers could hope to get out of debt. These two new forces lowered cotton prices dramatically. Together, the farmers of the plains and the South formed the backbone of a new political movement: the Populists (The People's Party). Populism's two big issues were Free Silver and railroad regulation. Also, the Populists pushed for a Sub treasury Plan to help provide low- interest loans to farmers. This was defiantly the rebellion against industry.

In 1892, the Populists, feeling alienated

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