First thing you must know is what is solid and hazardous waste is and how much is produced each year. Solid Waste is any material that is discarded because it has served its purpose or is no longer useful. The United States produces 33% of the worldâ€™s solid waste. With most of it coming from miming, oil and natural gas, agriculture, sewage, and plants that produce the things that we need in our everyday life. However, the reaming waste comes from municipal solid waste. Sometimes you might even hear someone call municipal sold waste â€œgarbage.â€ Which come from our homes and business in and around our neighborhood. Improper disposal of municipal waste can create unsanitary conditions, and these conditions in turn can lead to pollution of the environment and to outbreaks of vector-borne disease (that is, diseases spread by rodents and insects). .
Hazardous waste is any waste material that, when improperly handled, can cause substantial harm to human health and safety or to the environment. The United Sates produces 75% of the worldâ€™s hazardous waste. Over the last 100 years the amount of hazardous waste has increased. Though due to Congress and its definition of hazardous waste the laws for hazardous waste do not regulate 95% of the countries hazardous waste. The different kinds of hazardous waste are medical, infectious, chemical, and nuclear waste. The nuclear waste is extremely toxic and can last for thousands of years.
There are two ways to reduce the solid and hazardous waste that we create everyday. One option is high waste approach which views waste as inescapable product of economical growth. High waste approach consists of burning, burying, or shipping the waste to other states or countries. The next option would be a low waste approach that would consist of recycling, composting, reusing, or not using it in the first place. Solid and hazardous waste (60%-80%) could be eliminated by reduction, reuse, recycling, and redesign.