Shakespeare wrote many different forms of literary works and one of them is
comedy. At the end of his professional life he had written four famous comedies
which were later called his "romances". Shakespeare's comedies were not
primarily love stories but they all included a love plot. His romances all had
the happy ending of a comedy, but in a way they hinted on violence (Prentice
Hall Literature). His focus and emphasis was clearly towards the structure and
language of his comedies, which made his comedies quite distinct from others.
The ideas and concepts also made his comedies designated, as we experienced it
in one of his most famous comedy A Midsummer Night's Dream.
The structure of Shakespeare comedies is common in all his comic drama.
The play goes through three phases. In the first stage there is order and
discipline. Then it goes through a situation where there is chaos and disorder.
Finally in the third stage order is restored again and the play ends in a
festive ending. In the beginning of A Midsummer Nights Dream we see that Theseus
has entire control over the people in Athens and he is getting ready to wed
Hyppolita, queen of the amazons. Then quickly the whole situation changes when
Lysander and Hermia flee into the forest and complications start to build up.
The play ends with a joyful ending, when daylight has returned, the duke and
duchess and the four lovers are united in the bonds of marriage and they are
entertaining themselves with dance and music. Their world of love has come to
The language was evidently the main reason why Shakespeare's comedies were
more amusing than other comedies of his time. He used many techniques to
illustrate humor, and sometimes we have to know the inner meanings to find it
comical. The play of words or puns were very popular in the comedies of
Shakespeare. Quince makes a good pun when he mentions the Frenc