Enlightenment and Human Understanding

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Enlightenment and Human Understanding

The medieval period, headed by Aristotle, was infamous for its lack of new learning. Aristotle was most famous for his explanation of his casualty theory and its 4 causes. The efficient cause was God and the text of the bible. W.K.C. Guthrie who wrote ˜The Greek Philosophers' (pp 125, Harper and Row publishers, NY, Sec. source) mentions that ˜Aristotle refused to believe, in his common sense, that this world was anything but real'. Then during the Reformation period, people were more sensitized towards looking for something different.

The Enlightenment began as a revolution for seeking new knowledge and bringing about new learning. Thinkers unanimously decided to abandon the exegetical knowledge pre-dominant in the medieval period. They required to find unprejudiced knowledge and decided that they had to emulate a scientific method in an attempt to gain this knowledge. Various thinkers had varied opinions and the reason why there was no revolution prior to the Enlightenment was quite plainly due to the fact that they had never come up with a definite decision-making process. Also, learning took place solely in Universities which made it diffic

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