Although the 1820â€™s was a time of industrialization, hopefulness and well being, it was also a time of sociable distress. Ideas of everyone being able to flourish in life arose during this time. The Harmony Society was a good example of how the beginnings of pre-communistic societies were formed. Though New Harmony made many contributions, it failed as a society.
By 1824, a Scottish industrialist named Robert Owen had ideas of creating a social system in which each human beingâ€™s needs were met through education, happiness and unity. He hoped to create a model community where educational and social equality would prosper. Through his communal system Owen believed that unity would prevail over individual interest. Everyone in the community would have a few hours of their own trade. He wanted a non-violence system in which all war and punishment were condemned. .
Within a year, 1825, New Harmony had prospered. People such as William Maclure, (a wealthy, educated and also a Scotsman) joined Owen in 1825. He believed in Owens ideas and thought that he had good intentions. He believed Owenâ€™s plan would work if he was able to get the people to cooperate and learn to work and live together because the main goal of America at this point was â€œmaking moneyâ€. Many people such as William Pelham came to New Harmony because they wanted â€œmental libertyâ€ and the ability to speak their mind without prejudice against others. Other people who were struggling in their businesses came to New Harmony in search of a better life. Thomas and Sarah Pears and their seven children came to New Harmony from Pennsylvania because of this in 1826.
A year or so after the prosperity of New Harmony, its flaws started to show. By 1826 though New Harmony was set out to be a unified community, it really wasnâ€™t. New Harmony was split into different communities with different interests.