Frail, emaciated and an empty stare characterized Jacques Liptez, .
a Jewish prisoner released from Auschwitz in 1945. A living witness to the .
horrors in the camps, he testified at Nuremberg with the emotion and the .
conviction of a survivor. He was joined with many other survivors anxious .
to tell their stories. The Nuremberg Trials made sure that crimes against .
humanity would not go unpunished.
The United Nations which consisted of France, Great Britain, United .
States and U.S.S.R came together August 8,1945(Smith) in London. This .
provided the establishment of the International Military Tribunal to try war .
criminals (Macedonians: accused of war crimes) that eventually led to .
the Nuremberg Trials. The Nuremberg Trials were the most important war .
crimes following any war in recent history. The trials were held in front of a .
panel of judges selected by the allies, and presided over by Lord .
Lawrence of England. There were eleven different trials ranging from the .
doctors trial, judges trials and various others as defendants.(Austin).
September 12, 1945, President Harry Truman of the United States .
selected Francis Biddle and Judge John Parker as Senior and alternate .
American Tribunal members. (The Nuremberg Trials: the defendants and .
verdicts). Soon as they were elected, the American prosecutors urged .
them to leave for Nuremberg, Germany where the trials were to be taken .
place. Since the British were slow in naming their judges, the Americans .
saw no reason to rush. The American Party departed from New York .
October 2,1945 aboard the Queen Elizabeth for a journey to Europe.
In London during his stay Bernays compiled a master list of the major .
German was criminals; at the time the list had 122 names on it. From the .
first ten there were Goering, Hess, Ribbentrop, Ley, Rossenberg, Frick, .
Kietel, Streicher, Kaltenbrunner and Frank suggested by the British. The .
Americans proposed five others: Karl Doenitz, Arthur Seyss Inquart, Albert .