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Nuremberg Trials

             Frail, emaciated and an empty stare characterized Jacques Liptez, .
             a Jewish prisoner released from Auschwitz in 1945. A living witness to the .
             horrors in the camps, he testified at Nuremberg with the emotion and the .
             conviction of a survivor. He was joined with many other survivors anxious .
             to tell their stories. The Nuremberg Trials made sure that crimes against .
             humanity would not go unpunished.
             The United Nations which consisted of France, Great Britain, United .
             States and U.S.S.R came together August 8,1945(Smith) in London. This .
             provided the establishment of the International Military Tribunal to try war .
             criminals (Macedonians: accused of war crimes) that eventually led to .
             the Nuremberg Trials. The Nuremberg Trials were the most important war .
             crimes following any war in recent history. The trials were held in front of a .
             panel of judges selected by the allies, and presided over by Lord .
             Lawrence of England. There were eleven different trials ranging from the .
             doctors trial, judges trials and various others as defendants.(Austin).
             September 12, 1945, President Harry Truman of the United States .
             selected Francis Biddle and Judge John Parker as Senior and alternate .
             American Tribunal members. (The Nuremberg Trials: the defendants and .
             verdicts). Soon as they were elected, the American prosecutors urged .
             them to leave for Nuremberg, Germany where the trials were to be taken .
             place. Since the British were slow in naming their judges, the Americans .
             saw no reason to rush. The American Party departed from New York .
             October 2,1945 aboard the Queen Elizabeth for a journey to Europe.
             In London during his stay Bernays compiled a master list of the major .
             German was criminals; at the time the list had 122 names on it. From the .
             first ten there were Goering, Hess, Ribbentrop, Ley, Rossenberg, Frick, .
             Kietel, Streicher, Kaltenbrunner and Frank suggested by the British. The .
             Americans proposed five others: Karl Doenitz, Arthur Seyss Inquart, Albert .

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