W Jacobs is a classic horror story in which tragedy strikes the White Family, When Sergeant Major Morris brings a Monkey's paw into their lives Which is said to grant three wishes.
"The Red Room" by H.G Wells is also another typical horror story in which a man is sent to the great Lorraine Castle to investigate the superstitious fears of the workers.
In this essay I"m going to compare "The Monkey's Paw" by W.W Jacobs with "The Red Room" by H.G Wells examining how the writers create suspense.
If we look at "The Monkey's Paw" the setting is typical for a horror story, "Night.Cold wet.Paths a bog and roads a torrent.Only two houses in the area". With the setting being so stereotypical it establishes the expectation that something could go wrong and therefore helps to build suspense. .
Also like "The Monkey's Paw" The Red Room's setting builds on the expectation that something could go wrong, Leaves the reader anxious to know what exactly will go wrong."Chilly .Dusty.eerie.echoes up and down spiral stairs.Darkness overhead",All are descriptive words used to manifest fear, and fear builds expectation which builds suspense.
"The Monkey's Paw" is structured in a way that keeps the reader wanting to read on feeling anxious. By building and releasing tension at certain times, For example the build up to the first wish and all the confusion on whether or not anything will happen.Then the sudden death of Herbert which brings the suspense to a climax. From here on the suspense is released as the reader is bluffed that there's nothing that could go wrong after the tragedy has struck. These peaks cause tension to build in the reader as we wonder what will happen.
In "The Red Room"the suspense is built up slowly , unlike "The Monkey's Paw" and isn't released until near the end of the story. The structure of "The Red Room" puts the reader in constant suspense till the last minute. Advanced.went on proceeded and then stopped abruptly.