Throughout the many years that history envelops, societies have managed to meet the .
economic needs of their members in many ways. In comparison to Charles Darwin's theory of .
natural selection, which states only the strong survive, this is so for societies as well. A society in .
which the economic needs of the people are not met will not thrive. Historically, societies in .
which the economic needs of the people were met were able to grow and prosper. Some .
examples are as followed: .
In Muslim society in the 8th and 9th centuries, the caliph (ruler) took measures to ensure .
economic stability [Document 3]. He took care of the poor, widows, and orphans. If there was .
no burden on the treasury, he built hospitals for sick Muslims, with physicians and attendants who .
would cure them and minister to their needs. He distributed taxes in a fair, just, and equal .
manner, not exempting anyone because of their social status or great riches. He kept things equal .
and set taxes personally, depending upon the amount of income. When a large portion of the .
society was in need, the caliph took action to provide for the people. .
In Aztec life (early 1500s), markets were used to help meet the economic needs of the .
people [Document 4]. There were dealers in gold, silver, precious stones, feathers, cloth, and .
embroidered goods, slaves, and many other things people were willing to buy. Markets allowed .
people to buy what they wanted and needed. Also, in markets, traded products were sold. This .
enhanced the relationship between one group of people and another. Trade between groups is a .
big boost to an economy, allowing it to balance itself out.
There were many inventions during the Industrial Revolution [Document6]. Inventions .
contributed to the economy because new inventions could provide new jobs for people. Many .
inventions made it possible to make more money. For example, the cotton gin is an easier way of .