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Malcolm X - An Overview

             Malcolm X was a civil rights activist. "If you're not ready to die for it, put the word 'freedom' out of your vocabulary." (Malcolm X). He was a Muslim minister who fought for the freedom and the rights of the blacks. The racial segregation in the US turned Malcolm from a criminal to a revolutionary leader. In the end Malcolm became a great leader who fought against the racial discrimination and racist violence in America.
             Early Life.
             "My life is my message." (Mahatma Gandhi). Growing up Malcolm made many mistakes. Part of those mistakes made Malcolm become the man he was when he died. At the age of twenty-one he was sent to prison for larceny for ten years. In prison his cellmate inspired him into Nation of Islam. Elijah Muhammad who was the head of Nation of Islam became his mentor. Elijah Muhammad's idea for the black to establish freedom, justice and equality by having their own state separated from white Americans inspired him. In prison he converted himself to the Nation of Islam. After hearing the teachings of Elijah Muhammad he changed his surname from Little to X. He considered Little as being his slave name and choose X to signify his lost tribal name. X in math as being the unknown (Spike Lee, Malcolm X).
             Becoming a Leader .
             "A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything." (Malcolm X). Soon after being released from prison on a parole he went to Elijah Muhammad and joined the Nation of Islam. Malcolm gained a wide public attention after a member of Nation of Islam was beaten and taken to police station. Johnson Hinton was beaten by the police and was arrested. When Malcolm heard about this he went to the police station with a small group of Muslims. When Malcolm made a demand to the police that he wants to see Johnson the police refused to give them any information. Soon the crowd grew to about five hundred black Muslims so the police agreed for Malcolm to see Johnson.

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