"Woman Aflame" was created by Spanish surrealist artist, Salvador Dali. Surrealism is a worldwide cultural movement established in early 1920s, featuring element of surprise, unexpected juxtapositions and non-sequitur. Surrealism stresses the subconscious or irrational significance of imagery and metaphors in order to express unconscious –visions free from conscious rational control– and imaginative, strange and mysterious dream elements. Many Surrealists consider their artwork as an expression of self- realization and self-representation. Dali's influence from surrealism fuelled his passionate exploration of the realms of dreams and psychoanalysis. His fascination with the microanalysis of people's hidden aspects meant that there were no taboos or prohibited areas in Dali's creations. Salvador Dali, conceived, designed a wax maquette, did a first cast, and completed "Woman Aflame" all within the year of 1980 at the foundry mark of Perseo, Mendrisio, Switzerland. This sculpture is entirely bronze, with the majority of the surface as patina, a green or brown film on the surface of bronze, produced by oxidation over a long period of time. .
Wax was used to create a miniature wax maquette and the mould to cast the sculpture. These materials shouldn't be disregarded, as without them, the "Woman Aflame" wouldn't be achieved. The first step was the design process, thinking of the visual appearance and making a wax maquette, a preliminary model to ensure the balance, techniques and essentials for the sculpture. Next was making the exact form as a wax model with all intricate details to make the mould, which would be peeled off the model. The lost-wax process (casting) followed, by pouring molten metal into a mould. After allowing time to settle, the sculpture solidified and the oxidation process started. The woman in this sculpture is almost completely consumed by flames, combination of Dali's two favourite obsessions: fire and a female figure merged with drawers.