Alice Paul, a pioneer of the women's suffrage movement, introduced more aggressive methods to the women's suffrage to help lead a successful campaign that resulted in the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920, Aided in the Equal Rights Amendment and gave women the right to vote in the United States.
Alice Paul was born on January 11, 1885, in Moorestown, New Jersey. Alice Paul's mother, Tacie, was a member of the Nation American Woman Suffrage Association. Alice would sometimes go with her mother when she was a young girl to attend suffrage meetings. This is where Alice primarily learned about the suffrage movement and formed her strong commitment to social justice. Alice attended Moorestown Friends School, where she then graduated at the top of her entire class. .
From there, she went to Swarthmore College, co-founded by her grandfather, and earned a Bachelor degree in Biology.in order to avoid going into teaching work, Paul completed a year at a settlement house in New York City after her graduation, living and mentoring settlement students as part of the College Settlement Association. Working in the settlement taught her about the need to right injustice in America, Paul quickly saw that social work was not the way she was to achieve this goal Alice Paul then attended Swarthmore College, where she studied law. Her work when she graduated took her to England where she became active in the Women's Suffrage Movement, which followed by her joining the National American Woman Suffrage Association. This is where Alice realized her true calling. She didn't want to be the social worker she graduated college to be. She wanted to win the battle of equal rights for women. Alice Paul, a Quaker, invariably described by her contemporaries as "slight and frail," was by temperament and training a fighter.
Alice moved to Washington to be a part of National American Woman Suffrage Association Congressional Committee.