In this article "The Pearls of Obedience", Stanley Milgram asserts that.
obedience to authority is a common response for many people in.
today's society, often diminishing an individuals beliefs or ideals. .
Stanley Milgram designs an experiment to understand how strong a.
person's tendency to obey authority is, even though it is amoral or.
destructive. Stanley Milgram bases his experiment on three people: a.
learner, teacher, and experimenter. The experimenter is simply an.
overseer of the experiment, and is concerned with the outcome of.
punishing the learner. The teacher, who is the subject of the.
experiment, is made to believe the electrical shocks are real; he is.
responsible for obeying the experimenter and punishing the learner.
for incorrect answers by electrocuting him from an electric shock.
panel that increases from 15 to 450 volts. The learner is actually an.
actor who is strapped to a harmless electric chair. He is told several.
pairs of words, and must remember and repeat these pairings with.
the make-believe fear of being electrocuted for incorrect answers. .
The foretold outcome or this experiment was expressed by.
several people who are familiar with behavioral sciences. They.
predicted that the majority of subjects would not pass 150 volts, and.
that a few crazed lunatics would reach the maximum voltage. This.
conclusion was disproved from Milgram's experiment. The majority of.
the subjects obeyed the experimenter to the end. There were several.
reactions to the experiment. Some people showed signs of tension or.
stress, others laughed, and some showed no signs of discomfort.
throughout the experiment. Subjects often felt satisfaction by.
obeying the experimenter. This gives proof to the belief that many.
people obey authority to show they are doing a good job, and.
perceived as loyal by the experimenter or society, which ever the case.
may be. .
One theory used to explain this experiment, is one of hidden.
aggression. According to this concept, people suppress aggressive.