According to my reading of dystopian literatures, there are many themes that can be used to demonstrate a change in one's perspective of the world. In "1984" by George Orwell, themes such as: totalitarianism, technology, and physical control are dramatized. .
In "1984", a totalitarian society was established called Oceania. Because they have very little freedom, few choose to rebel from the laws of the party. Throughout the novel, Winston Smith's diary is a symbol that serves as an act of rebellion towards the society. This is rebellion because the government doesn't want any of the people in Oceania to have freedom to think for themselves. Winston also purchased a coral paper weight that he described as "a beautiful thing" on page 105, from the same small antique shop. Winston had to clandestine his purchases from the telescreens because this was also an act of rebellion to purchase from the shop when it was looked down upon. Mr. Charrington, the shop owner, has an upstairs bedroom him and his wife used to live in, Winston wants to rent Mr. Charrington's upstairs room for his own sexual pleasures to avoid getting caught in the cameras of the telescreens. Winston was required to wear the same blue overalls as all the other workers in the ministry of truth. In today's society schools make it mandatory that students wear identification cards and even uniforms at some educational facilities. According to the novel, sex was not permitted unless for a specific purpose, which was to produce a future generations. On page 72 it is written that the party's purpose was to remove all pleasure from the sexual act. Marriage also had to be approved by the party, the purpose of marriage in Oceania was to have children, not for the two to be sexually attracted to each other. This serves as a totalitarian society because they are telling the delegates what they can or cannot do unless for certain reasons.