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The Biology of Infertility

             It really is absolutely amazing". This is true for people who can become a mother. Sadly some people cannot get this experience due to some or the other problem.1 in 10 couples have problems while trying to conceive. Science is a boon for such people. Though naturally they are unable to become mothers, science with developments has come up with different methods for them to conceive. .
             Causes of infertility include any kind of damage to the fallopian tubes, ovulatory problems, a disease known as endometriosis, any condition which effects the uterus of a woman, a combination of the above or an unidentified cause. Out of these Fallopian Tube blockage is a major Cause of Infertility in women. Tubal Obstruction is a condition in which there is a blockage present in either one or both of the fallopian tubes. As these tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus, blockage(s) in these result into an obstruction for the sperms to reach the eggs or an obstruction for the egg to reach the uterus. This might also result into another life taking condition called Ectopic Pregnancy.
             There are many causes for Blockages in the Fallopian tubes which include Hydrosalpinx, Infections, Sterilization Interventions, Septic Abortions and etc. Hydrosalpinx is derived from Greek words Hydro-Water and Salpinx-Tube, which defines it as a water tube. Hydrosalpinx is usually the result of a previous Pelvic Infection. The most common bacteria who cause such pelvic infections include chlamydia, gonorrhea, staphylococcus, pelvic tuberculosis and streptococcus. After this infection is cleared, what we have is a dilated (widened) fallopian tube that is wrapped in adhesions. The fimbriae of the tube are agglutinated together, causing a blockage between the opening of the uterus and the ovary. Thus the uterotubal fluid which normally drains out of the tube remains stuck inside the fallopian tube. There are many ways through which Hydrosalpinx is diagnosed, these include HSG (hysterosalpingogram), Ultrasonography, and Laparoscopy.

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