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1984 - Symbolism, Imagery and Themes

            What would happen if a society was under a dictatorship, which grants no freedom or rights for citizens? Individualism is not accepted under the control of totalitarian government. This issue is clearly represented through symbols in the novel 1984 by George Orwell, such as, Winston's varicose ulcer, Big Brother's existence, and the equation "2 + 2 = 5." Therefore, the total control of the Oceania government covers all aspects of life. The theme of the novel can be linked directly to the image of Winston's varicose ulcer above the right ankle, which indicates Winston's demand and the Party's obsession of thought-controlling. Another allusive symbol that Orwell aims to create is Big Brother, who is considered as a tool to usurp the supreme power by the Inner Party. The image of Big Brother builds up the theme of mind and religion control, which partly contributes to the totalitarian regime. Furthermore, the Party's desire to achieve total authority in Oceania is also seen from the government's way of limiting knowledge. This kind of control is defined since the equation "2 + 2 = 5" has to be accepted by all citizens. Moreover, through all the useful tools, Orwell has successfully impressed the readers, proving the central theme about individualism being denied by the totalitarian government.
             First of all, the image of Big Brother can be seen as the desire to hold power and influence. In Oceania, the posters of Big Brother appear everywhere with his eyes gazing to people in all directions: "It depicted simply the face of a man of about forty-five, with a heavythat the eyes follow you about when you move." (Orwell 5) "Big Brother is a name that creates a feeling of being blessed. This is because religion does not exist in Oceania. Because of that, the Party is considered to be the religion and Big Brother is considered to be the god. Therefore, Big Brother is the person who protects people under his authority.

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