Sherlock Holmes is a fictional character created by the British author Arthur Conan Doyle. Holmes is known for his astute logical reasoning, his ability to use almost any disguise, and his use of forensic science to solve difficult cases. He is the world's first consulting detective, who steps in when the police cannot solve a case.
Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22nd 1859 in Edinburgh in an Irish Catholic family. He studied at Stonyhurst College. Later on in his books about Sherlock Holmes, he actually used his friends and teachers from that college as inspiration for his characters. His first novel about Sherlock Holmes made him famous worldwide. Arthur Conan Doyle has written 56 short stories and 4 novels about Sherlock Holmes. He made his debut with "A Study in Scarlet" from 1887, which was the first of the 4 novels. After two more novels and the 56 short stories about Holmes, Arthur Conan Doyle ended the collection quite surprisingly, with letting Sherlock Holmes die in the last novel "The Final Problem".
Sherlock Holmes might have some type of anti-social mental disorder. He displays some traits of this disorder, but he does not display enough to be diagnosed as one. He does not lie or deceive for personal pleasure, he is not prone to aggressiveness, and he is capable of feeling guilt and remorse. Sherlock Holmes' manners and behaviour is interesting. He speaks very rapidly and very precisely, failing to notice or care whether others can understand him. His way of eye contact is odd; he either retains eye contact too long, or refuses to look at the person he is speaking to. Sherlock is also unable to empathize with others, he disregards authorities, has a high level of stubbornness and an inability to properly deal with emotions.
Holmes also believes that he can hear when other people think and their thoughts annoy him a great deal. Sherlock Holmes has many problems with being together with other people.