As said by Albert Einstein, "Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better." This can be applied to Macbeth by William Shakespeare. Macbeth is a play about a man who is given a prophecy by three witches which emboldens him to murder the characters in the play that are preventing him from becoming king. Throughout the play, nature runs parallel to the action so that readers effectively understand what is happening in the play. This is obtained through pathetic fallacy, plants, and animals. .
To start, pathetic fallacy is constantly playing a role and works beside the action in the play to convey a certain emotion. For example, at the start of the play the witches convene near a battlefield. At this time we hear the Second Witch say, "When the hurly-burly's done,/ When the battle's lost and won"(I.i.3). While the "hurly-burly" is referring to the battle between Scotland and Ireland/ Norway taking place behind them, it is also referring to the thunderstorm that is taking place. This is a perfect place for a thunderstorm because most associate thunderstorms with misery. This emotion mirrors the emotion felt when in the midst of war, and in the same way the storm is mirroring the battle. Weather also plays a role on the night of King Duncan's murder when Fleance is expressing his worry to his father, Banquo, "The moon is down; I have not heard the clock" (II.i.2). In this scene, the characters talk about how it is too early to be dark. The clouds have covered the moon and there is no light. This suggests that there is something evil taking place because one most often correlates darkness with this emotion. This is effective because it hints at the fact that the king is going to be murdered that night, a doing most certainly evil. Another example takes place just before Banquo is murdered. Entering on his horse, Banquo says, "It will rain tonight" (III.