The current Committee on Education and the Workforce was established on .
The Committee's basic jurisdiction is over education and labor matters .
generally. While Congress has been concerned over education and labor issues since its .
beginning, attempts to create a Committee with jurisdiction over education and labor .
failed in early Congresses due to Representatives' concern over the constitutional .
grounds for such a federal role and the belief that education was more properly the .
responsibility of the States.
The first Committee of jurisdiction, the Committee on Education and Labor was .
established on March 21, 1867 in the aftermath of the Civil War and the growth of .
American industry. On December 19, 1883, the Committee on Education and Labor was .
divided into two standing committees: Committee on Education and Committee on .
Labor. On January 2, 1947, the Legislative Reorganization Act again combined the .
Committees, renamed the Committee on Education and Labor. On January 4, 1995, the .
Committee was renamed the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities. .
On January 7, 1997, the Committee was renamed the Committee on Education and the .
Workforce. The Committee is composed of 49 Members of the House of .
Representatives, 27 Members are from the Republican party and 22 Members are from .
the Democrat party. The Members are chosen to serve on the Committee by their .
respective party caucus.
The two separate committees were terminated on January 7, 1947, and the Committee on Education and labor was re-created as of that date.
Promote standards-based education reform in states, with a focus on the policy changes needed to produce measurable results. In particular, assist states with implementation of the landmark No Child Left Behind Law. Support state business coalitions efforts to improve state education performance, Pre-K-16. Provide an effective voice for the business community on critical education and workforce policies that affect the labor supply needed for economic growth.