(855) 4-ESSAYS

Type a new keyword(s) and press Enter to search


             ∆ This chapter takes another viewpoint to look at both the Soviet communist system and Marxism more generally.
             ∆ We assess the development of the Stalinist model considering its resent demise.
             ∆ By outlining the Marxist critique of liberalism, we distinguish the usefulness of Marxism as a critical approach from the merits of the Soviet system of governance.
             ◈ Revisiting the Soviet Communist Theory of the Press.
             ∆ The Soviet Communist Theory of the Press is the most difficult to explain. To understand it fully, we must be familiar with nineteenth- and twentieth-century world history, Marxist ideals, Russian and Soviet history, and the weakness and strengths of the capitalist system.
             The Intellectual Climate in which Four Theories was written.
             ∆ The choice to describe a "Soviet" theory rather than a "Marxist" theory tells us that highlighting the contrast between American and Soviet values was a key goal.
             It also implies a desire to separate liberal, intellectual acceptance of some Marxist doctrines in the 1950s from an approval of press controls and subjugation of individual rights under the regime of Stalin.
             ∆ The Soviet communist ideology was misinterpreted to reflect a "cult of personality", thus the press was used to reflect Stalin's desires and personal leadership rather than support the revolutionaries' originally outlined goals.
             ∆ Although the Soviet Union, then, was one of the mightiest military and economic forces in the world, most Soviet citizens were in abject poverty. This dichotomy eventually led to a demand for reform.
             ∆ Wilbur Schramm, recognizing a distinction between Marxist ideals and the application of these principles in the Soviet Union, focused on a formless "Soviet communist theory" that we would summarize as a Stalinist system. In his essay of Four Theories, Schramm compared Nazi Germany with the Soviet Union, as he attempted to implant in his readers' minds an image of "red fascism".

Essays Related to Marxism

Got a writing question? Ask our professional writer!
Submit My Question